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Building the Case that Aging is Controlled from the Brain

Last week, a new study came out fingering the hypothalamus as locus of a clock that modulates aging.  This encourages those of us who entertain the most optimistic scenarios for anti-aging medicine.  Could it be that altering the biochemistry of one tiny control center might effect global rejuvenation?   First some background…. I believe that […]

Sirtuin 6 Improves Healthspan In Mice

Previous research has demonstrated that overexpressing a protein known as SIRT6 increases lifespan of mice and offers protection against obesity-induced metabolic abnormalities. In contrast mice that lack SIRT6 suffer from various aging-related problems and die before the age of 4 weeks. SIRT6 is part of a class of proteins known as the sirtuins that have […]

Rapamycin,rifampicin, Psora-4 cocktail doubles lifespan

Drug combinations work to synergistically extend the life- and healthspan in worms. The most successful drug combination tested almost doubled lifespan, a feat never reported before. Furthermore, more than half of the worms receiving the drug combination were still in optimal health after all control animals had died! Finally, the authors show that these drugs […]

Targeting NAD+ in Metabolic Disease

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) was discovered more than 100 years ago by Sir Arthur Harden as a low-molecular-weight substance present in boiled yeast extracts [1]. In the late 1920s, Joseph Goldberger fed Brewer’s yeast to dogs with pellagra, a devastating disease characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death, and their health improved. At that time, […]

NAD catabolism, GTP and mitochondrial dynamics

Mitochondrial NUDIX hydrolases: A metabolic link between NAD catabolism, GTP and mitochondrial dynamics 2. Pathology of NAD+ catabolism and downstream metabolic products NAD+ is an important cofactor involved in multiple metabolic reactions that have a central role in cellular metabolism and energy production (Belenky et al., 2007; Frederick et al., 2016; Mouchiroud et al., 2013). […]

Sulforaphane increases metabolism to ameliorate obesity and insulin resistance

Study published here: Glucoraphanin ameliorates obesity and insulin resistance through adipose tissue browning and reduction of metabolic endotoxemia in mice Low-grade sustained inflammation, triggered by chronically high levels of proinflammatory cytokines and gut microbiota-derived circulatory lipopolysaccharide (LPS), links obesity with comorbidities such as insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (1,2). Although a number […]

Enhanced Nutraceutical bioactivity to fight cancer

1. Introduction Nutraceuticals are biologically active molecules found in foods that may not be essential for maintaining normal human functions, but may enhance human health and wellbeing by inhibiting certain diseases or improving human performance (Gupta, 2016; Wildman & Kelley, 2007). Numerous different classes of nutraceuticals are found in both natural and processed foods including […]

Hydroxycitric Acid Nourishes Protein Synthesis via Altering Metabolic Directions

This study is published here INTRODUCTION The world is in health transition, and obesity is greatest threat to human health (Jose Hernandez–Morante et al., 2011). Obesity associates with various lifestyle-related diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and fatty liver disease (Jebb and Moore, 1999; Nakamura et al., 1994), causing a major health burden in […]

Cardamom supplementation improves inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in hyperlipidemic, overweight, and obese pre-diabetic women

This study is published here Insulin resistance, which is the key feature of pre-diabetes and T2DM, results mainly from low physical activity and obesity, which are associated with the repletion of lipid into adipocytes and the accumulation of adipose tissue.3-5 An increase in insulin, free fatty acid (FFA), and/or glucose levels can increase reactive oxygen […]